Sunday, 12 April 2015

The Institute and Anthony Trollope

With the literary world about to celebrate Anthony Trollope's 200th anniversary (he was born on 24 April 1815) it is timely to recall his extended stay in Australia in 1871-72, and the colonial response to the man described by Nigel Starck as Australia’s "first visiting celebrity in popular culture."(1)

A selection of Trollope's works from the Institute collection

Trollope visited all of the colonies during his year and two days sojourn, and spent time in Tasmania in January and February 1872. Coverage of the visit in the local press is a curious mixture of adulation tempered by a fear that he might take away with him an unfavourable impression.
To illustrate, here is a report from The Mercury (Monday 29 Jan 1872, p3) of a short speech Trollope made in Hobart;

Mr. Trollope accepted an invitation to be present at a banquet given to the Hon. Mr. Dunn at the Town Hall, and in his response to the toast of his health, Mr. Trollope gave, in a few words, the impressions he had received of us from a few days' sojourn in the South. He said:-"Perhaps, as a stranger, you will expect that I should say something about the things I have met in this and the other colonies, (Yes, yes.) I did not come among you to teach you, but rather to learn something from you. (Cheers.) I did not come to tell you what I thought but to learn what you think; but on such an occasion as this, and after the speeches we have heard, I cannot refrain from making a few remarks. I think your position here is a happy one. You are placed in a colony having everything around you to make life happy. Your genial climate and fertile soil produce everything tending to promote good spirits, and you are surrounded by everything God can give to please man. (Cheers.) I find, however, you have one terrible drawback-a drawback sufficient to destroy all your happiness. You all think you have been ruined. I find that is the common expression of every gentleman who speaks to me of Tasmania. Every gentleman speaks to me of the loveliness of the climate, the beauty of the scenery, all that promotes happiness, but still he considers the colony has been ruined. The army has been removed, and with it some £350,000 of British expenditure has been withdrawn, and the colony ruined. I speak tenderly on this point, knowing I may tread on some one's corns, but I believe that the colony has been blessed by the withdrawal of the army. In my opinion the withdrawal of the army was one of the greatest blessings that ever occurred to the colony. You have chosen to take upon you like men the work of independent self-government. You have chosen to say you won't be servants or bondmen, even of the mother country (cheers); and yet you complain that the mother country has withdrawn the army, and ruined the colony by so doing. Being independent you carry on a government of your own, have Ministers of your own; being beholden to the mother country for nothing but allegiance, surely you do not want a body of 200 men of the mother country's army merely to show you the beauties of a red coat. Gentlemen, I find you live in happiness and plenty, with every prospect of success..."

The Mercury spends the balance of its report mounting a counter-argument and attempting to justify the colonists' position.

One wonders how often since that speech have these two contradictory positions been simultaneously held in Tasmania – that we live in the best place on earth and that we are totally ruined?

Looking over the shelves of the Launceston Mechanics' Institute collection, it is clear that Trollope was a favoured author, and that his works were well-read. All of his major works are held, including the Palliser novels and the Chronicles of Barsetshire, many in early editions. There are three copies of Orley Farm, all dated 1862 and including a second printing. Trollope's Autobiography (1883) is held, in a hybrid set of first (vol I) and second (vol II) editions. There are first editions of The Claverings (1867) and of North America (1862).

Frontispiece from Orley Farm. Illustration by John Everett Millais
But the Institute had an even closer encounter with the great writer when he visited Launceston in the party of the Governor during Launceston Cup week of 1872. The group arrived late in the evening on 5 February, and their itinerary included a visit to the Chudleigh caves and Corra Linn as well as attendance at the race meeting. The Governor and "his suite" also attended a concert at the Mechanics' Institute given by the Carrandinis.

It would seem that the Board of Management decided to invite Trollope to visit the Institute because among their correspondence is a brief note from the author to William Wathen (Institute Secretary from 1860-1900) regretfully declining. They may not have got their man, but they did at least obtain his autograph.
Anthony Trollope's letter to William Wathen

(1) Dr Starck has retraced Trollope's visit to the colonies in a recently published book The First Celebrity: Anthony Trollope’s Australasian odyssey (Lansdowne Media)

Thursday, 2 April 2015

Publications of the Institute

Reference has been made previously to publications of the Launceston Mechanics' Institute, most notably its Jubilee History by Ernest Whitfeld (1892) and of course the Printed Catalogues and Annual Reports issued over many years.

At least five lectures given at the Institute are known to have been issued in printed form;

West, John, The fine arts: a lecture, delivered at the request of the Committee of the Launceston Mechanics' Institute; (Launceston : Printed at the Examiner Office, 1848.)

Price, Charles, The intellectual improvement of the working classes: a lecture delivered at the Launceston Mechanics' Institute, April 4th, 1850..[Launceston, Van Diemen's Land :s.n.,c1850 printing : (Launceston :J.S. Waddell)          

Ewing, Robert Kirkwood, Lecture replying to objections against phrenology, delivered at the Mechanics' Institution, on Thursday, Sept. 16, 1852. Launceston: Henry Dowling, c1852.     

Aikenhead, James, 1815-1887, Principles of political economy, Launceston : The Author, 1856 (Launceston : J.S. Waddell, Examiner)

Cheek, J. W., Protection: as it affects the farming industry of Tasmania : A lecture delivered ... at the Mechanics Institute, Launceston ... Nov. 1st, (Launceston :National Protection Assn. of Tasmania, c1888.)      

All of these pamphlets are now very rare, as is the most ambitious publication undertaken by  the Institute; 

The LITERARY CHATELAINE : a Souvenir of the Launceston Mechanics Institute Bazaar, and Gift Book for home friends. Tasmania: printed by Charles Wilson, York-street, Launceston, 1858.

Among the identified contributors were William Carr Boyd and Samuel Prout Hill, but most contributors chose to offer their work under noms-de-plume, such as 'Ch√Ętelar', 'Silenzio' and 'Juvenis'. The image below, of the title page, was sourced from the National Library's copy in the Petherick Collection.


Revenue from sales of the Literary Chatelaine went to fundraising for the Institute's building. The following review of the publication from the Launceston Examiner (2 Mar 1858, p2) gives some idea of the character of this unusual collection;

REVIEW. We have received a copy of this little book. It is called in the preface "a collection of trifles." We are told that the name is derived from the chain which the ladies of castles in the middle ages used to suspend the household keys, &c., but which modern ladies employ for more fanciful and ornamental purposes; and the editors wish that the book thus named "should partake of the characteristics of both bygone and present Chatelaines,"-the special merit being that the articles are "all of genuine Tasmanian workmanship." The circumstances under which the book is produced, and its modest pretensions as an essay in the comparatively untried field of Tasmanian literature, must, to a certain extent, disarm criticism. The labors of the editors in selection must have been long and arduous, for out of the contributions sent, which appear to have been more than sixty, only twenty, or one-third, are inserted. Seven pages are taken up with "answers to correspondents" and many of the contributions have furnished the editors with an excuse for some severe though probably just remarks. ... After reading them, and the editors' comments, the suppression of the rest will please all but the authors. Perhaps, however, it would have been better to have said nothing about the rejected pieces. Their authors will hardly derive much consolation from the assurance that "with a little more practice they will write remarkably well," and we fancy the editors themselves will be disappointed in the "hope to hear from them again next year."

This fascinating miscellany has been digitised and may be viewed through the National Library of Australia's Trove discovery service.

Another LMI publication, or at least a proposed publication, is currently a mystery. Between September 1844 and May 1845, the advertisement below appeared in the Launceston Examiner.

It appears that the book may never have been published, perhaps because the subscriber's list was not filled. However it is especially interesting that the Institute, in its very early days, would have considered undertaking such an ambitious project; and one so closely aligned to its educational objectives.

The Friends of the Launceston Mechanics' Institute are endeavouring to obtain copies of all LMI publications, including its printed catalogues, and indeed any ephemera such as member's tickets, invitations to events and admission tickets. Donations of any such material relating to the Institute would be most gratefully received.